Belém, with around 1,500,000 inhabitants, is the economic center of the northern region and capital of the mineral rich state of Pará .
Belém lies 120km from the Atlantic ocean at the point where Guamá river turns north and becomes the Guajará bay.It is the biggest port on the Amazon river. From Belém, you set sail for any place that is navigable on the Amazon and its tributaries.
Among the 10 most lively and attractive cities of Brazil, Belém has all the characteristics of a modern City, but still maintains in its architecture many features of a rich and glorious past as can be seen in the Church of Our Lady of Carmo (Igreja do Carmo), the Metropolitan Cathedral (Igreja da Sé) and the Theater of Peace (Teatro da Paz).
Beléms Old Town (Cidade Velha) is characterized by colorful and gentile façades decorated with ceramic tile, true historical relics imported long ago from Europe, and narrow streets that give the impression that the time has stopped there. Architectural treasures, preserved as historical monuments, and is found in this sector of the City.