Most international flights from Europe and the US land at the international
airports of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Recife or Salvador, where
there are connecting flights to most other major Brazilian cities. Rio
and São Paulo both have major international airports, as well as
airports closer to the city centre which are used for the 55 minute air-shuttle
between the two cities and a number of other regional services. Rios
airports are Galeão (GIG) for international and Santos Dumont (SDU)
for the shuttle; while São Paulos are Guarulhos (GRU) for
international and Congonhas (CGH) for the shuttle.
The international departure tax is currently $36 (approx. £25).
From Europe: Flight time from Europe to São Paulo and Rio
de Janeiro is just over eleven hours depending on your starting point
and less than nine hours to Fortaleza, Recife and Salvador. Most flights
leave from Europe in the evening and arrive early morning in Rio de Janeiro
or São Paulo. On the return leg they leave late afternoon or early
evening to get to Europe the following day around lunchtime or earlier.
Air France, Alitalia,
and Varig all run
regular services between Europe and Rio de Janeiro or São Paulo.
This means that travellers have a choice of several different airlines
linking the two continents daily.
From the US: Flights by American
and the Brazilian flag carriers Varig
and Tam link the US
Flight time is eight and a half hours from Miami to São Paulo
or Rio de Janeiro, just over nine from New York, eleven from Atlanta,
thirteen from Los Angeles and sixteen from San Francisco.
The vast majority of flights between North America and Brazil are overnight
flights that arrive in Brazil in the early morning with a bonus for east
coast travellers that the time difference between the east coast and Rio
de Janeiro is minimal.
From Latin America: São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro receive
flights daily from most of the other major Latin American cities and is
served by Aerolineas
Argentinas, Aero Peru, Avianca,
Cubana de Aviacion,
and the Brazilian flag carriers Varig,
Tam and Vasp.